Driving 20 minutes south along the coast you get to Tulum (sometimes Tulum Pueblo) which is the largest community in the municipality of Tulum, Quintana Roo, Mexico. This lovely town, of more or less 18’000 inhabitants, is located on one of the most beautiful beaches (protected for nesting sea turtles) of the Caribbean coast of the state, near the site of the archaeological ruins of Tulum.
The Community of Tulum developed around the archeological site because of the tourism, and nowadays the town offers lots of services like small hotels, bars and restaurants, tour operators, grocery stores, boutiques, bicycle rentals, gyms, tour operators, banks, ATMs, internet cafes, Spanish language schools and shops.
This archeological site is situated on 12-meter (39 ft) tall cliffs directly on the sea.
Tulum was one of the last cities inhabited and built by the Mayas.
It was at its height between the 13th and 15th centuries and managed to survive about 70 years after the Spanish began occupying Mexico. Old World diseases brought by the Spanish settlers appear to have been the cause of its demise.
Tulum archaeological site is relatively compact compared with many other Maya sites in the vicinity, and is one of the best-preserved coastal Maya sites. Its proximity to the modern tourism developments along the Mexican Caribbean coastline (just 128 Km / 80 mi south of Cancun) and for the picturesque view made it popular for the tourists.